Ha átgondoljuk az alábbiakat, arra is juthatunk, hogy aki lenézi (butának, hülyének, lustának, műveletlennek stb tartja) vallásos embertársait, kb. ugyanazt csinálja, mint aki a bőrszíne stb miatt vet meg másokat… nem? (És ez persze fordítva is igaznak tűnik.)
(…) people with a genetic predisposition to reduced ACC activity gravitate toward religion. “It’s possible that if you’re born with a certain kind of brain, you’re predisposed to religion (…)
The ability to conceive of gods, however, is not sufficient to give rise to religion. The mind has another essential attribute: an overdeveloped sense of cause and effect which primes us to see purpose and design everywhere, even where there is none. “You see bushes rustle, you assume there’s somebody or something there”‘.
This over-attribution of cause and effect probably evolved for survival. If there are predators around, it is no good spotting them 9 times out of 10. Running away when you don’t have to is a small price to pay for avoiding danger when the threat is real.’
Even so, religion is an inescapable artefact of the wiring in our brain, says Bloom. “All humans possess the brain circuitry and that never goes away.” Petrovich adds that even adults who describe themselves as atheists and agnostics are prone to supernatural thinking. Bering has seen this too. When one of his students carried out interviews with atheists, it became clear that they often tacitly attribute purpose to significant or traumatic moments in their lives, as if some agency were intervening to make it happen. “They don’t completely exorcise the ghost of god – they just muzzle it,” Bering says.
So if religion is a natural consequence of how our brains work, where does that leave god? All the researchers involved stress that none of this says anything about the existence or otherwise of gods: as Barratt points out, whether or not a belief is true is independent of why people believe it.
– [www.newscientist.com] (másik cikk!)